[13] Anglican theologian Donald Spence Jones comments that "the minds of all the people were thus gradually prepared when the right moment came to acknowledge Samuel as a God-sent chieftain"[14], During Samuel's youth at Shiloh, the Philistines inflicted a decisive defeat against the Israelites at Eben-Ezer, placed the land under Philistine control, and took the sanctuary's Ark for themselves. When they went to war with the people of Gaza and Askalon, they were defeated because the Ark of the Covenant was captured from them. They traveled for many days and were very tired. One of the highest-ranking leaders of the Mormon church, considered by the faithful to be divinely inspired, and responsible for establishing and revising doctrine. Saul greeted the prophet respectfully. Judges xii. [22] According to tradition, this burial place has been identified with Samuel's tomb in the West Bank village of Nabi Samwil. 5; I Kings xi. Peninnah had children; Hannah did not. Upon receiving the communication, Eli merely said that the Lord should do what seems right unto him. Some prophets are categorized as messengers (Arabic: رسل … ", He said: "Would you then refrain from fighting, if fighting was prescribed for you? Classical rabbinical sources say that Samuel was terrified by the ordeal, having expected to be appearing to face God's judgment, and had, therefore, brought Moses with him (to the land of the living) as a witness to his adherence to the mitzvot.[19]. When the king of the Israelites heard of this he died on the spot. In addition to his role in the Hebrew Scriptures, Samuel is mentioned in the New Testament, in rabbinical literature, and in the second chapter of the Qur'an (although here not by name). Pour forth on us patience and make us victorious over the disbelieving people." The word צופים in I Sam. Icon of the prophet Samuel, 17th century. [23][24], Some time after his death, Saul had the Witch of Endor conjure Samuel's ghost in order to predict the result of an up-coming battle. ", And their Prophet (Samuel) said to them: "Verily! He lived and worked with his father on their farm. The fact that Elkanah, a Levite, was denominated an Ephraimite[5] is analogous to the designation of a Levite belonging to Judah (Judges 17:7, for example). Saul said to his servant: "Let us rather go back, for I am sure that my father will be worried by now, and the other animals must also be cared for." L’assassinat du professeur d’histoire-géographie, Samuel Paty, pour avoir fait un cours sur la liberté d’expression en montrant à ses élèves des caricatures du prophète de l’Islam issues du journal satirique Charlie Hebdo a suscité l’émoi et l’indignation de la population française et des acteurs publics. He discharged them for disobedience and kept only the few who had obeyed him, as they were the ones who proved their sincerity. After 20 years of oppression, Samuel, who had gained national prominence as a prophet (1 Samuel 3:20), summoned the people to the hill of Mizpah, and led them against the Philistines. i. [34], Samuel (Arabic: صموئيل‎, romanized: Ṣamūʾīl) is seen as a prophet and seer in the Islamic faith. Just before his retirement, Samuel gathered the people to an assembly at Gilgal, and delivered a farewell speech[17] or coronation speech[18] in which he emphasised how prophets and judges were more important than kings, that kings should be held to account, and that the people should not fall into idol worship, or worship of Asherah or of Baal. Islam : The Prophets And Beliefs Of Islam 1507 Words | 7 Pages. Quelques jours avant sa décapitation, le 16 octobre dernier à Conflans, l’enseignant d’histoire-géographie Samuel Paty a dénoncé une «rumeur malfaisante», ajoutant qu’il After this happened three times, Eli realised that the voice was the Lord's, and instructed Samuel on how to answer: Once Samuel responded, the Lord told him that the wickedness of the sons of Eli had resulted in their dynasty being condemned to destruction. Saul was tall and sturdy, pious, and very intelligent. A l’appel du Haut Conseil Islamique du Mali (HCIM), un grand rassemblement a eu lieu, ce mercredi 28 octobre, à la grande mosquée de Bamako pour dénoncer la publication des caricatures du prophète Mahomet et les déclarations du président français Emmanuel Macron suite à l’assassinat de Samuel. They were human beings who taught the people around them about faith in One Almighty God, and how to walk on the path of righteousness. [7] Elkanah was a devout man and would periodically take his family on pilgrimage to the holy site of Shiloh. ix. 2 and I Sam. He is not mentioned by name in the Qur’an, but referred to as a "prophet" instead. Samuel, Hebrew Shmuʾel, (flourished 11th century bc, Israel), religious hero in the history of Israel, represented in the Old Testament in every role of leadership open to a Jewish man of his day—seer, priest, judge, prophet, and military leader. And, according to the theory explained in the, "Hence in I Sam. Saul never saw Samuel alive again after this.[21]. [8], According to Bruce C. Birch, Samuel was a key figure in keeping the Israelites' religious heritage and identity alive during Israel's defeat and occupation by the Philistines. "... [She] called his name Samuel, saying, Because I have asked him of the Lord" (KJV). The sigh of His kingdom is that there shall come to you At Tabut (a wooden box), wherein is Sakinah (peace and reassurance) from your Lord and a remnant of that which Moses and Aaron left behind, carried by the angels. [19], The Book(s) of Samuel variously describe Samuel as having carried out sacrifices at sanctuaries, and having constructed and sanctified altars. This event established that Samuel was now "established as a prophet of the Lord" and "all Israel from Dan to Beersheba" became aware of his prophetic calling. The carried the Ark even in battle and believed that, because of it, Allah would protect them from their enemies. Pour Samuel , lis la bible, son histoire y est détaillée (livres de Samuel 1 et 2). 5 et seq.). 1 should be amended to הצופי ('the Zuphite'), the final mem being a dittogram of that with which the next word, מהר, begins; as the LXX. C'était un prophète aux temps de Saul et de Dawud C'était un prophète aux temps de … Ibn Jarir reported that the condition of the Israelites deteriorated. The Israelites rejected them. When Saul set eyes on him, he instantly recognized him as a prophet by his holy men. However, the Israelites mocked and reviled the newly appointed king, as he was not wealthy from birth. He had assumed the leadership after Samson's death. (Ch 2:246-250). He would later provide sanctuary for David, when the jealous Saul first tried to have him killed. He is venerated as a prophet by Jews, Christians, and Muslims. He is also treated in the fifth through seventh books of Some authors see the biblical Samuel as combining descriptions of two distinct roles: Source-critical scholarship suggests that these two roles come from different sources, which later were spliced together to form the Book(s) of Samuel. Gunfire broke out Wednesday in an attack at the offices of French satirical weekly Charlie Hebdo, leaving 12 dead, including four prominent cartoonists. The retreating Philistines were slaughtered by the Israelites. He is first called the Seer in 1 Samuel 9:9. It was also a heavy responsibility. Selon la littérature rabbinique et néo-testamentaire, il est considéré comme le dernier des Juges d'Israël (voir Actes des Apôtres 13.20) et comme le premier des prophètes prophétisant aux Israélites en terre d'Israël (voir Actes des Apôtres 3.24). They were told to go in the direction of the mountain. This was in violation of the Lord's command, as pronounced by Samuel, to "... utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass" (1 Samuel 15:3, KJV). The passage in which Samuel is described as having exercised the functions of a (biblical) judge, during an annual circuit from Ramah to Bethel to Gilgal (the Gilgal between Ebal and Gerizim) to Mizpah and back to Ramah, is foreshadowed by Deborah, who used to render judgments from a place beneath a palm between Ramah and Bethel. 314–15. I. nous serons là bientôt, comme nous l'avons écrit. Allah sent upon them an enemy, the Philistines, who defeated the Israelites, captured their Ark, drove them out of their homes, and took away their children to use or sell as slaves. So whoever drinks thereof, he is not of me, and whoever tastes it not, he is of me, except him who takes thereof in the hollow of his hand. They did this so that they would be victorious by its blessings, and it became a symbol of calm and a relic left behind by Moses's people. Samuel also recognized Saul as the king that Allah had chosen for them. The Philistines, having marched to Mizpah to attack the newly amassed Israelite army, were soundly defeated and fled in terror. Nous avons tellement été absent de Facebook. Consequently Allah sent them tyrannous king who ill-treated them and spilled their blood, and set their enemies from outside against them as well. The drawings displayed made fun of the three major monotheistic religions (Christianity, Islam and Judaism) at events across France as part of a national homage to Paty who was beheaded by 18-year-old Chechnya-born Abdullakh Anzorov on October 16, 2020. According to the genealogical tables in Chronicles, Elkanah was a Levite - a fact not mentioned in the books of Samuel. [19], According to the documentary hypothesis of Biblical source criticism, which postulates that "Deuteronomistic historians" redacted the Former Prophets (Joshua, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, and 1 and 2 Kings), the Deuteronomists idealized Samuel as a figure larger than life, like Joshua. i. In the Qur’anic account, Samuel prophesies that the sign of Talut's kingship will be that the Ark of the Covenant will come back to the Israelites. Biblical accounts of his life. ", Yet, they drank thereof, all, except a few of them. Here, a vast crowd was waiting for the Prophet Samuel. ", They said: "Why should we not fight in Allah's Way while we have been driven out of our homes and our children (families have been taken as captives)?". Samuel confronted Saul for his disobedience and told him that God made him king, and God can unmake him king. [31] Eli, who was viewed negatively by many Classical Rabbis, is said to have reacted to this logic of Samuel by arguing that it was technically true, but Samuel should be put to death for making legal statements while Eli (his mentor) was present. Accompanied by his servant, Saul went in search of them. Samuel is a figure who, in the narratives of the Hebrew Bible, plays a key role in the transition from the period of the biblical judges to the institution of a kingdom under Saul, and again in the transition from Saul to David.He is venerated as a prophet by Jews, Christians, and Muslims. I Sam. They asked the prophet's help in appointing a strong leader, a king under whose banner they could unite and fight the Philistines. Because of the external threat from other tribes, such as the Philistines, the tribal leaders decided that there was a need for a more unified, central government,[16] and demanded Samuel appoint a king so that they could be like other nations. According to the first-century Jewish historian Josephus, Samuel was about 11 years old. Cette association via les caricatures entre barbarie, violence, etc, et la personne du Herbert Lockyer and others have seen in Samuel's combined offices of prophet, priest, and ruler a foreshadowing of Christ. Les débats autour des caricatures du Prophète Mahomet sont toujours d’actualité à travers le monde. Allah revealed to him that He had chosen one, Saul (Talut), to be their king. When he asked about his missing donkeys, Samuel told him not to worry, his donkeys were already on their way to his fat's farm. has it, Σειφὰ. Ricard said Samuel had sustained multiple injuries and that an investigation for murder with a suspected terrorist motive, had been opened. Those engaged in building homes, men who were about to be married and those occupied with business should not join. A great number of Saul's men ran away on seeing this strong force. They were led by the mighty warrior Goliath (Galut), known for his huge build and brute strength. Prophet Samuel told them to … Prophets in Islam (Arabic: الأنبياء في الإسلام‎ ‎, romanized: al-ʾAnbiyāʾ fī al-ʾIslām) are individuals who were sent by Allah to various communities in order to serve as examples of ideal human behavior and to spread Allah's message on Earth. Eli, too, had no doubt that his own two sons were not worthy to succeed him in carrying on the tradition. 1 his ancestral line is carried back to Zuph (comp. In addition to his role in the Hebrew Scriptures, Samuel is mentioned in the New Testament, in rabbinical literature, and in the second chapter of the Qur'an (although here not by name). Samuel's mother was Hannah and his father was Elkanah. So when he had crossed it (the river), he and those who believed with him, they said: "We have no power on this day against Goliath and his hosts.". This belief gave them peace of mind and great courage, and their enemies were terrified by it. [11] Samuel initially assumed it was coming from Eli and went to Eli to ask what he wanted. The relationship of Penninah and Hannah recalls that between Hagar and Sarah. Taking Saul by the hand, Samuel led him to the children of Israel, but they insisted on a direct sign from Allah. In the Coptic Orthodox Church, the commemoration of the departure of Samuel the Prophet is celebrated on 9 Paoni. He is also treated in the fifth through seventh books of Josephus's Antiquities of the Jews, written in the first century CE (AD). Since many of the Biblical law codes themselves are thought to postdate the Book(s) of Samuel (according to the Documentary Hypothesis), this would suggest Chronicles is making its claim based on religious motivations. [3][4] His genealogy is also found in a pedigree of the Kohathites (1 Chronicles 6:3–15) and in that of Heman the Ezrahite, apparently his grandson (1 Chronicles 6:18–33). [25] Source-critical scholarship often considers it to be a redaction aimed at harmonizing the two portrayals of Samuel. One day, several of their donkeys were lost. Saul set about organizing his army with strong faith and wisdom. The children of Israel remained like sheep without a shepherd until Almighty Allah sent them a prophet named Samuel (Shammil) (pbuh). Samuel promised that God would subject the people to foreign invaders should they disobey. [6], According to 1 Samuel 1:1–28, Elkanah had two wives, Peninnah and Hannah. He is commemorated as one of the Holy Forefathers in the Calendar of Saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church on July 30. Classical Rabbinical literature adds that he was more than an equal to Moses, God speaking directly to Samuel, rather than Samuel having to attend the tabernacle to hear God. This passage is ascribed by textual scholars to the Republican Source. Eli, however, sent Samuel back to sleep. According to the Priestly Code/Deuteronomic Code only Aaronic priests/Levites (depending on the underling tradition) were permitted to perform these actions, and simply being a nazarite or prophet was insufficient. When the Philistines had been in possession of the Ark for seven months and had been visited with calamities and misfortunes, they decided to return the Ark to the Israelites. Subsequently, Hannah became pregnant and gave birth to Samuel. Islam teaches that God has sent prophets to humanity, in different times and places, to communicate His message. Samuel interpreted this as a personal rejection, and at first was reluctant to oblige, until reassured by a divine revelation. [26] Samuel is portrayed as a judge who leads the military, as the judges in the Book of Judges, and also who exercises judicial functions. The people recognized a future leader in him. Samuel Paty (French pronunciation: [samɥɛl pati]) was born on 18 September 1973 in Moulins, Allier.He attended Théodore de Banville High School, Lumière University Lyon 2 and the IUFM, Lyon. He knew that his successor would be Samuel. He believed in quality and not numbers; better a small band of true believers he could rely on than a huge army of unreliable men. Theoretically if we had the Monarchial Source we would see Saul appointed king by public acclamation, due to his military victories, and not by cleromancy involving Samuel. And Allah grants His Kingdom to whom He wills. Verily, in this is a sigh for you if you are indeed believers. An 18-year-old Chechen refugee named Abdullakh Anzorov attacked Samuel Paty after the teacher displayed caricatures of the prophet during a class on freedom of speech. b. [30] Samuel is also described by the Rabbis as having been extremely intelligent; he argued that it was legitimate for laymen to slaughter sacrifices, since the Halakha only insisted that the priests bring the blood (cf Leviticus 1:5, Zebahim 32a). Samuel worked under Eli in the service of the shrine at Shiloh. For Christians, Samuel is considered to be a prophet, judge, and wise leader of Israel, and treated as an example of fulfilled commitments to God. There is, however, a "land of Zuph" mentioned (once only) in 1 Samuel 9:5, an area in which Samuel is said to have been found. Samuel recognized Saul as the future king. ... Islam is the country's second largest religion. The prophet wanted to know how to recognize the future king. His duty would be to take charge of their affairs, to unite them under one banner, and to protect them from their enemies. "[I]t may have been possible and necessary for Samuel to exercise authority in roles that would normally not converge in a single individual (priest, prophet, judge)."[15]. The books of Samuel and Kings offer numerous examples where this rule is not followed by kings and prophets, but some critical scholars look elsewhere seeking a harmonization of the issues. En tout cas, pour euh, pour la connexion et du cours, on a pas réussi euh, à à être la euh, YouTube Facebook à la fois, mais nous sommes en train de nous organiser pour faire notre retour sur Facebook ou … i. If he carried out Allah's commands, he would be given victory. Join Facebook to connect with Prophète Samuel Banze and others you may know. Prophète Samuel Banze is on Facebook. On the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar, as well as the Lutheran calendar, his feast day is August 20. Nonetheless, Elkanah favored Hannah. In tears, she vowed that if she were granted a child, she would dedicate him to God as a Nazirite. He was told that Saul would come to him by himself and that they should then hand over the control of kingdom to him, for he would lead them in battle against the Philistines. Photos of the murdered educator were also included in the displays. [8] Eli blessed her and she returned home. Other elements from his narrative are in accordance with the narratives of other Prophets of Israel, as exegesis recounts Samuel's preaching against idolatry. Samuel’s first message from God was quite sobering and was to be delivered to Eli, the aging leader of Israel. France projected giant images of Charlie Hebdo cartoons of the Prophet Muhammed onto buildings following the beheading of teacher Samuel Paty, who was killed by an Islamist terrorist. Prophet Samuel prayed to Allah for guidance. b. Samuel was to announce God’s punishment on Eli’s two wayward sons, Hophni and Phinehas, who were abusing their priestly authority over the people and desecrating the sacrificial offerings (1 Samuel 2:27-34; 3:2-18). New articles are added every week. Et c’est l’enquête menée en ce moment par la justice française qui vient de démanteler tous les […] An analysis of the major reasons Prophet Muhammad had multiple wives. On their way, they asked directions from some maidens carrying water. Saul was surprised by this sudden honor offered to him. [7] Eli, who was sitting at the foot of the doorpost in the sanctuary at Shiloh, saw her apparently mumbling to herself and thought she was drunk but was soon assured of her motivation and sobriety. He then told Saul that Allah had chosen him as the king of the children of Israel. And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All-Knower. The narrative of Samuel in Islam focuses specifically on his birth and the anointing of Talut. xvii. His servant suggested that as they were already in the land of Samuel the prophet, they should go to him to inquire about the lost donkeys. Une partie du monde chrétien, dont l'Église orthodoxe et l'Église catholique, le fête le 20 août. 26)—if indeed אפרתי is not a corruption for 'Ephraimite'—and not, as in Judges i. Prophet Samuel told them to go outside the city to see the sign, which they did. France : Dans ses derniers courriers, Samuel Paty annonçait renoncer aux caricatures du Prophète. 1 as hailing from the mountains of Ephraim, the word here אפרתי denoting this (comp. Almighty Allah revealed: "Have you not thought about the group of children of Israel after (the time of ) Moses? However, 1 Kings 11:5, 33 and 2 Kings 23:13 note that the Israelites fell into Asherah worship later on.[20]. Furthermore, 1 Samuel 1:1, as the text now stands, mentions Zuph as an ancestor of Elkanah. This website is for people of various faiths who seek to understand Islam and Muslims. Singer, "The Philistines in the Bible: A Reflection of the Late Monarchic Period? القرآن الكريم in Arabic, Urdu, English Translation, "ABC's 'Of Kings and Prophets': The bloody parts of the Bible", "Mohammad Bakri as Samuel – Of Kings and Prophets", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Samuel&oldid=995942679#Islam, People celebrated in the Lutheran liturgical calendar, Articles needing additional references from October 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing more viewpoints from October 2018, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, August 20 (Eastern Orthodox, Lutheran & Roman Catholicism), A prophet, based at Shiloh, who went throughout the land, from place to place, with unwearied zeal, reproving, rebuking, and exhorting the people to, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 18:21. Berakot 31b, Ta'anit 5b, Exodus Rashi 14:4, texts from within a religion or faith system, Learn how and when to remove this template message, churchofjesuschrist.org: "Book of Mormon Pronunciation Guide", Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers on 1 Samuel 3, "Israel's national parks gear up for weekend tours - Israel News - Jerusalem Post", The Holy Qur'an: Text, Translation and Commentary, Quran Search Engine, Ayat Search Samuel.Phonetic Search Engine. Prophet definition, a person who speaks for God or a deity, or by divine inspiration. Elkanah is also represented in I Sam. Samuel is described in the biblical narrative as being buried in Ramah. It contains a lot of brief, yet informative articles about different aspects of Islam. "[27] For the Deuteronomistic historians, Samuel would have been an extension of Moses and continuing Moses' function as a prophet, judge, and priest, which makes the nature of the historical Samuel uncertain. To his disappointment, he discovered the majority of them drank more water than they should have. Samuel[a] is a figure who, in the narratives of the Hebrew Bible, plays a key role in the transition from the period of the biblical judges to the institution of a kingdom under Saul, and again in the transition from Saul to David. In 622 he established the nascent Muslim community in Medina. Vendredi, l’enseignant Samuel Paty, 47 ans, qui avait montré à ses élèves adolescents des caricatures du prophète de l’islam Mahomet lors d’un cours sur la liberté d’expression, a été tué à la sortie de son collège près de Paris, une attaque qui a suscité émotion et effroi en France. This later source is generally known as the Republican Source, since it denigrates the monarchy (particularly the actions of Saul) and favours religious figures, in contrast to the other main source—the Monarchial Source—which treats it favourably. Then came Prophet Samuel (pbuh) among them to bring some relief. Muhammad, Prophet of Islam and proclaimer of the Qur’an. The small band that remained was willing to fight, whatever the outcome, for they had heard that there had been many incidents in the past in which Allah had caused a small force to defeat a larger one. The text then states that Samuel erected a large stone at the battle site as a memorial, and there ensued a long period of peace thereafter. Eli was the priest of Shiloh, and one of the last Israelite Judges before the rule of kings in ancient Israel. Taking Saul by the hand, Samuel led him to the children of Israel, but they insisted on a direct sign from Allah. "Our Lord! He protested to the prophet that he was a of the children of Benjamin, the least famous of the tribes of Jacob; he did not know anything of leadership or kingship and had no wealth. This resulted in a split in the army, but he was not bothered. 12, an inhabitant of Ephrata (see LXX.).". [35][36], In the Islamic narrative, the Israelites after Moses wanted a king to rule over their country. Saul agreed, and they carried on. See more. One night, Samuel heard a voice calling his name. When Saul and his servant were searching for his father's lost asses, the servant suggested consulting the nearby Samuel. In the Book of Chronicles, Samuel is described as a Levite, rectifying this situation; however critical scholarship widely sees the Book of Chronicles as an attempt to redact the Book(s) of Samuel and of Kings to conform to later religious sensibilities. Non, c’est faux le défunt enseignant français Samuel Paty décapité vendredi dernier pour voir montré des dessins et caricatures de Charlie Hebdo sur le Prophète de l’Islam n’a jamais tenu des propos islamophobes ni stigmatisé les élèves musulmans. He prophesied that Saul's rule would see no dynastic succession. Allah will try you by a river. Victim. Samuel initially appointed his two sons Joel and Abijah as his successors; however, just like Eli's sons, Samuel's proved unworthy. Another difference between the sources is that the Republican Source treats the ecstatic prophets as somewhat independent from Samuel (1 Samuel 9:1ff) rather than having been led by him (1 Samuel 19:18ff). And Allah is All-Aware of the Zalimeen (polytheists, and wrongdoers). He was born in Mecca as a member of the ruling Hashim clan of the tribe of Quraysh. When they said to a Prophet of theirs: "Appoint for us a king and we will fight in Allah's Way. Their power was broken. According to documentary scholarship, the Deuteronomistic historians preserved this view of Samuel while contributing him as "the first of prophets to articulate the failure of Israel to live up to its covenant with God. Thus, God sent a prophet, Samuel, to anoint Talut as the first king for the Israelites. Part 1: A model for humanity and the preservation of knowledge. Samuel is a figure who, in the narratives of the Hebrew Bible, plays a key role in the transition from the period of the biblical judges to the institution of a kingdom under Saul, and again in the transition from Saul to David. [3] In the morning, Samuel was hesitant about reporting the message to Eli, but Eli asked him honestly to recount to him what he had been told by the Lord. They separated from one another and were very disheartened. [7], On one occasion Hannah went to the sanctuary and prayed for a child. Gradually the Israelites started to ignore Allah's law; evil habits became part of their lives. religion in the world with 1.8 billion Muslims. Hannah's exultant hymn of thanksgiving resembles in several points Mary's later Magnificat. When Saul was preparing to fight the Philistines, Samuel denounced him for proceeding with the pre-battle sacrifice without waiting for the overdue Samuel to arrive. In 1 Sam 12:6–17, a speech of Samuel that portrays him as the judge sent by God to save Israel may have been composed by the Deuteronomists. After establishing a well-trained army, he decided to put them to the test. The Levitical genealogy of 1 Chronicles 4 is not historical, according to most modern scholarship. For example, Samuel's father Elkanah is described as having originated from Zuph, specifically Ramathaim-Zophim, which was part of the tribal lands of Ephraim, while 1 Chronicles states that he was a Levite. Clarksville, Maryland: Jewish New Testament Publications pp. Upon hearing the news of the capture of the Ark of the Covenant, and the death of his sons, Eli collapsed and died.

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