Even success by skill brings no solid satisfaction. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. This also is a vanity and a striving after wind. Prosperity, which men so much covet, is the very source of provoking oppression (Ecclesiastes 4:1) and “envy,” so far is it from constituting the chief good. It is hard that a man's zeal should be interpreted by his neighbour to be an envious desire to surpass, to outstrip him. 4:9,10,11,12. The Biblical Illustrator. "Better is a handful with quietness" (Ecclesiastes 4:6). Some people have no friends. There is an oppression that comes on good men from the worldly men. 2 Therefore I praised the dead who have been long dead more than the living who are yet alive. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". Is envied of his neighbour; instead of that honour and recompence which he deserves, he meets with nothing but envy and obloquy, and many evil fruits thereof. The word rendered "right" is kishron (see on Ecclesiastes 2:21), and means rather "dexterity," "success." "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". Who, in consequence of this very wealth, run the risk of falling into a helpless, joyless, and isolated condition, destitute of friends and adherents (7, 8). Ecclesiastes 6:4 "For he cometh in with vanity, and departeth in darkness, and his name shall be covered with darkness. " He had never come to the Light. 4 A time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance; When men gather grapes from thorns and figs from thistles, then, but not before, we may look to find a satisfying good in "all the toil and all the dexterity in toil" which spring from this "jealous rivalry of the one with the other.". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/ecclesiastes-4.html. It so, then the workaholic and the sluggard are contrasted. Read verse in Ostervald (French) "[7] Also in this second paragraph, a number of illustrations are given to illuminate the real point. This too is meaningless, a chasing after the wind. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/ecclesiastes-4.html. 6 Better one handful with tranquillity. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/ecclesiastes-4.html. It is meant to highlight the futility of human effort apart from God. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/ecclesiastes-4.html. 4 Again I turned my attention to all the acts of oppression that go on under the sun. Every right work - Rather, every success in work. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/ecclesiastes-4.html. Ecclesiastes 4:4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. To lay or fold the hands together is a gesture of laziness. According to the contrast here drawn pips must refer to the labour, the activity itself, and not to the result. Copyright © 2019 by Zondervan. Even in friendly rivalry this may play a larger part than we think----for we can bear to be outclassed for some of the time and by some people, but not too regularly or too profoundly", Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. And Ecclesiastes 4:15 tells us that everyone followed that new king who was the formerly poor wise child who came out of prison. III. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". Devotion to Business springs from Jealous Competition: (a) Let us glance once more at the several symptoms we have already heard him discuss, and consider whether or not they accord with the results of our own observation and experience, is it true, then-or, rather, is it not true-that our devotion to business is becoming excessive and exhausting, and that this devotion springs mainly from our jealous rivalry and competition with each other? https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/ecclesiastes-4.html. Ecclesiaste 4:4 E ho visto che ogni fatica e ogni buona riuscita nel lavoro provocano invidia dell’uno contro l’altro. 1905. Ecclésiaste 5.4. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/ecclesiastes-4.html. 11 De même, si deux couchent ensemble, ils auront chaud; mais celui qui est seul, comment aura-t-il chaud? wisdom and knowledge and Kishron. The fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/ecclesiastes-4.html. So shall thy poverty come as one that travelleth, and thy want as an armed man.". כשרון is employed in the sense of "skill, ability," here also.—That this is the envy of a man from his neighbour:—the end of the whole matter is that a man is envied by his neighbour; Vulgate, "eum patere invidae proximi." Instead, they are cruel. But instead thereof, so it is. BibliographyHengstenberg, Ernst. Ecclesiastes 4:5. BibliographyDunagan, Mark. 4 ¶ Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is a envied of his neighbour. This is the same Hebrew term "a second" (BDB 1040) from Eccl. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Devotion to Business springs from Jealous Competition, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, "First, the competitive urge….We may quibble if we will, and remind him (Solomon) of such people as solitary castaways or needy peasants, who toil simply to keep alive, or those artists who really love perfection for its own sake; but the fact remains that all too much of our hard work and high endeavor is mixed with the craving to outshine or not to be outshone. 4 Then I saw that all toil and all skill in work come from a man’s envy of his neighbor. Hengstenberg translates skill. "[6] In this understanding of it, the fool's eating his own flesh would mean the same as the common saying that, "He was eating his heart out with envy.". That would be an incorrect thought: whereas it is a demonstrated truth that "men envy the happy." Anche questo è vanità e un correr dietro al vento. 4-6 Solomon notices the sources of trouble peculiar to well-doers, and includes all who labour with diligence, and whose efforts are crowned with success. In this paragraph the author returns to the question that he asked in Ecclesiastes 1:3, "What does man have to show for all his trouble"? and chasing after the wind. For this … - i. e., “This successful work makes the worker an object of envy.” Some understand the meaning to be, “this work is the effect of the rivalry of man with his neighbor.”. This is another piece of life’s vanity; that, as greater men will lie heavy upon you and oppress you, so meaner men will be envying at you and oppose you: as Cain did Abel, Saul’s courtiers did David; the peers of Persia, Daniel; the Scribes and Pharisees, our Saviour. 4:6 This verse is possibly another proverb (e.g., Prov. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. The Ecclesiastes 4: 1 Then I returned and saw all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and, behold, the tears of those who were oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors there was power; but they had no comforter. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". “And I saw all the labour and all the skill of business, that it is an envious surpassing of the one by the other: also this is vain and windy effort.” The היא refers to this exertion of vigorous effort and skill. Then I returned, and I saw vanity under the sun. 1685. "Expositor's Bible Commentary". ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. Companionship and … All this expenditure of strength and art has covetousness and envy, with which one seeks to surpass another, as its poisoned sting. here and in Ecclesiastes 2:21 by ἀνδρέα, virtus. "[3] This rendition carries that implication: "I saw that all a man's toil and skill is expended through the desire to surpass his neighbor; this, too, is an empty thing and a clutching at the wind."[4]. NIV Reverse Interlinear Bible: English to Hebrew and English to Greek. Who, in consequence of this very wealth, run the risk of falling into a helpless, joyless, and isolated condition, destitute of friends and adherents, IV. Ecclesiastes 1:4 (NAS95S) The Hebrew word that is translated as “forever” is HOLAM. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". Ecclésiaste 4.9. This too is vanity and striving after wind.". Waddey's comment on this paragraph: "In a godless world, sinners envy and resent another's success, rather than rejoicing in it; and in contrast he mentions the lazy fool who, rather than work, `foldeth his hands together' in rest, and `eateth his own flesh,' he consumes his inheritance. Two are always better than one (BDB 25) and three better than two (cf. 4 1 “For indeed the day 2 is coming, burning like a furnace, and all the arrogant evildoers will be chaff. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. "These two paragraphs on labor view it from different perspectives; first, from the perspective of envy, and secondly, from the perspective of solitariness. Ecclésiaste 1:4 - Une génération s'en va, une autre vient, et la terre subsiste toujours. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". Envied — Instead of honour, he meets with envy and obloquy. Other people become famous and they have many friends. 5 Fools fold their hands. That for this a man is envied of his neighbour.] If, some two or three and twenty centuries ago, the Jews were bent every man on outdoing and outselling his neighbour; if his main ambition was to amass greater wealth or to secure a larger business than his competitors, or to make a handsomer show before the world; if in the urgent pursuit of this ambition he held his neighbours not as neighbours, but as unscrupulous rivals, keen for gain at his expense and to rise by his fall; if, to reach his end, he was willing to get up early and go late to rest, to force all his energies into an injurious activity and strain them close to the snapping point: if this were what a Jew of that time was like, might you not easily take it for a portrait of many an English merchant, manufacturer, lawyer, or politician? For he comes out of prison to be king, Although he was born poor in his kingdom. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". "[5] Another view of the fool mentioned here is that he represents the envious man. In all such statements as this, Solomon's viewpoint is centered absolutely upon the present world, taking into account no thought whatever of God. 1983-1999. Solomon is speaking here, as if that life was not breathed into him, and he was a baby who never lived. New International Version Update. 1871-8. Ecclesiastes 4:4. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. "Some understand the meaning of this verse as a description of work which is the effect of rivalry with a neighbor. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". BibliographyBeza, Theodore. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "For this a man is envied of his neighbor", John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Again I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament, I. Verses 4-6. 4:16 The Teacher tells us that people are not fair to each other. Ecclesiastes 4 is the fourth chapter of the Book of Ecclesiastes in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. In addition, how many of us have inherently linked our personal worth with our economic worth? We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. For this a man is envied - It is not by injustice and wrong only that men suffer, but through envy also. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". This too is meaningless, a chasing after the wind. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". Denomination: Baptist. I just seems that whenever we get something really nice, someone tries to shoot us down or find a flaw in our selection. This too is meaningless, a chasing after the wind.(A). Venet., by rendering here and at Ecclesiastes 2:24 כּשׁרון , by καθαρότης , betrays himself as a Jew. New York. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/ecclesiastes-4.html. Then I saw all the labor and achievement that is the envy of a man's neighbor. BibliographyBenson, Joseph. Some people work too much. Looking with jealous envy on the successful rivals of their struggles, and with scorn on those less fortunate, who are contented with a more modest lot, III. and ruin themselves. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit. The margin gives here the true sense, or at least the better, This springs from a man’s jealousy towards his neighbour. But idleness is a sin that is its own punishment. We gravely need to remember that the stream cannot rise above its source, nor the fruit be better than the root from which it grows; that the business ardour which has its origin in a base and selfish motive can only be a base and selfish ardour. 4:12b). 1 Unusual skill, talent and success seem only to expose a man to envy and ill will from his neighbor. That for this a man is envied of his neighbour. I. Prosperity, which men so much covet, is the very source of provoking oppression (Ecclesiastes 4:1) and "envy," so far is it from constituting the chief good. 4 And I saw that all toil and all achievement spring from one person’s envy of another. All other rights reserved. 1765. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". 4. It aggravates the baseness of the envy, that it is on the part of one's own neighbour. Now the focus and effect of the Fall are reduced. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". 2 But for you who respect my name, the sun of vindication 4 will rise with healing wings, 5 and you will skip about 6 like calves released from the stall. Which naturally rob labor and talent of lasting enjoyment. BibliographyClarke, Adam. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/ecclesiastes-4.html. 10 Car, s'ils tombent, l'un relève son compagnon; mais malheur à celui qui est seul et qui tombe, sans avoir un second pour le relever! IV. Ecclésiaste 4:9-12 Louis Segond (LSG). "Vanity and empty effort" are not usually predicated of labours winch are morally worthless, but of such as bring no advantage (compare Ecclesiastes 2:17). Ecclesiastes 4:8 There is a man all alone, without even a son or brother. New International Version (NIV), Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the, Ecclesiastes 4:4 in all English translations, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Romans, Comfort Print, NIV, Quest Study Bible, Comfort Print: The Only Q and A Study Bible, NIV, Story of Jesus: Experience the Life of Jesus as One Seamless Story, NIV, The Story: The Bible as One Continuing Story of God and His People, NIV, Biblical Theology Study Bible, Comfort Print: Follow God’s Redemptive Plan as It Unfolds throughout Scripture. 4:8 used in Eccl. Among the examples in proof of the imperfection and inconstancy of earthly happiness which the Preacher communicates in the above section from the rich treasures of his own experience we find the relation of an ascending grade from lower to higher and more brilliant conditions of happiness. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/ecclesiastes-4.html. Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. Right work — All the worthy designs of virtuous men. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/ecclesiastes-4.html. This [is] also vanity and vexation of spirit. The coming day will burn them up,” says the Lord who rules over all. All rights reserved worldwide. Il vaut mieux ne pas faire de vœu qu’en faire et ne pas s’en acquitter. Joseph Benson's Commentary. Scripture: Ecclesiastes 4:9-12. The Ecclesiastes 4: 1 So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of such as were oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors there was power; but they had no comforter. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Based Ecc. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. The root meaning of the word is “thus pointing to what is hidden in the distant future or in the distant past.”[1] Therefore, in some passages the word refers to something in the distant past or future. Industries, or Hebrew, "righteous actions." I saw the tears of the oppressed, and there was no one to comfort them.+ And their oppressors had the power, and there was no one to comfort them. Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. The only effect of that would be to ruin ourselves. See Proverbs 27:4. This is also vanity and b vexation of spirit. Ecclesiastes 4:4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. Other people are too lazy. Verse 4. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". 4:5 The fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh. Others, seeing the vexations of an active course, foolishly expect more satisfaction in sloth and idleness. (13-16) The vanity of fame and its short life. Following the example of the Decalogue מרעהו draws attention to the baseness of the fact that the friend, of God and right, grudges him the successful results of his skilful labour. Better is a handful with quietness, than two handfuls and striving after wind. If it be, as I think it is, we have grave need to take the Preacher’s warning. Now self is not the only issue. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/ecclesiastes-4.html. "Then I saw all labor, and every skillful work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbor. Better a poor and wise youth Than an old and foolish king who will be admonished no more. Again I looked and saw all the oppression that was taking place under the sun: I saw the tears of the … This also is a vanity 1 and a striving after wind. "E.W. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". the min in mere'ehu is as in amatz min , Psalms 18:18, and the like - the same as the compar. Not the same word as in Ecclesiastes 1:13; Ecclesiastes 2:23, Ecclesiastes 2:26; Ecclesiastes 3:10; Ecclesiastes 4:8; Ecclesiastes 5:14. every right work = all the dexterity in work. Derived from כשר, "rectus fuit," it is used partly of "skill, ability in action," and partly of the "fortunate results "thereof. Ver. Treasury of Scripture. But the remark here is of activity and skill now at work, so that jealousy is the true word. "is done is the result of rivalry"-"that the basic motive for success is the driving force of envy and jealousy" (Tay). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/ecclesiastes-4.html. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. But it does not seem to matter who we are. Again I considered all travail — Hebrew כל עמל, all the labour, toil, or trouble, which men undertake or undergo; and every right work — All the worthy designs of virtuous men; that for this a man is envied of his neighbour — Instead of that honour and recompense which he deserves, he meets with nothing but envy, and obloquy, and many evil fruits thereof. The principal passage is Proverbs 6:9-11 : "How long wilt thou lie, O sluggard? Church Pulpit Commentary. 2 Wherefore I praised the dead which are already dead more than the living which are yet alive. Deux valent mieux qu'un ; car ils ont un meilleur salaire de leur travail. {See Trapp on "Proverbs 27:4"}. Eccl. 1876. 1 To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven:. Who doesn’t love a Cinderella story? https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cpc/ecclesiastes-4.html. "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". I have seen that every labor and every skill which is done is the result of rivalry between a man and his neighbor. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/ecclesiastes-4.html. This too is vanity and striving after wind. 1905-1909. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". Every Zopyrus shall be sure to have his Zoilus. 1999-2014. travail = toil, as connected with trouble, sorrow. With כּי , quod , that which forms the pred. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". 1859. 4. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. 3. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. In order to avoid envy we may not throw ourselves into the arms of inactivity. 1865-1868. In Isaiah 11:13, קנאת אפרים is the jealousy felt by Ephraim of Judah, who was preferred: in Ecclesiastes 9:6, of this book, envy is conjoined with hatred. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/ecclesiastes-4.html. 2. This is also true of moral works; which are right, when done from a right principle, from love to God, in faith, and with a view to the glory of God; and which when done, and ever so well done, draw upon a man the envy of the wicked, as may be observed in the case of Cain and Abel, 1 John 3:12; though some understand this, not passively, of the envy which is brought upon a man, and he endures, for the sake of the good he excels in; but actively, of the spirit of emulation with which he does it; though the work he does, as to the matter of it, is right; yet the manner of doing it, and the spirit with which he does it, are wrong; he does not do it with any good affection to the thing itself, nor with any good design, only from a spirit of emulation to outdo his neighbour: so the Targum paraphrases it, "this is the emulation that a man emulates his neighbour, to do as he; if he emulates him to do good, the heavenly Word does good to him; but if he emulates him to do evil, the heavenly Word does evil to him;'. From the sad lot of victims innocently suffering from tyrannical persecution and oppression, II. For if a man act uprightly and properly in the world, he soon becomes the object of his neighbor's envy and calumny too. and if he does a right thing, and yet has not right ends and views in it, it stands for nothing; it has only the appearance of good, but is not truly so, and yields no solid peace and comfort. 4. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. This also is vanity and a striving after wind.

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